Author ORCID Identifier

Amna Trad - https://orcid.org/0009-0002-4562-3968

Mostafa Khalifa - https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5306-839X

Eslam M. Elsamahy - https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0355-4159

Khaled El-Daghar - https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3678-4698

Mary Felix - https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7060-6150

Ayman Afifi - https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7371-3472


Heritage being an inheritance from the past that is transmitted successively from one generation to the other plays a significant role in molding the memory of a country and forging its identity. As an element of heritage, architectural products are an expression of the cultural identity of communities. However, modern developments in historical regions ignore the presence of heritage buildings. Furthermore, the unorganized expansion of those areas led to the formation of leftover spaces. Abu Ali river is a historical region located in the city of Tripoli in Lebanon. Not long ago, this zone was considered the beating heart of the city before becoming a neglected area suffering from different social, economic, and environmental issues. One of the major problems the zone is currently facing is the loss of its cultural identity. In addition, the lack of green public spaces is noted. This paper attempts to revive the cultural heritage identity of Abu-Ali River area through the application of a cultural park using leftover spaces generated in the region as a site. The paper starts with presenting the theoretical background related to the topic; Then related cases are compared to reach the optimum project elements; Next the selected area is analyzed through macro-analysis, community analysis, and micro-analysis to reach initial design decisions; Finally, the application is designed based on specific social and environmental simulation tools. The application is expected to breathe new life into the neglected historical area and revive its heritage.


Cultural heritage revival, Historical areas, Leftover spaces, Cultural Park, Tripoli’s Historical Core


Architecture | Arts and Humanities | Education | Engineering

Article Language




To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.