High-rise buildings are growing rapidly in number around the world. They are becoming important landmarks that mark out certain geographical areas. The fires of high-rise building have many characters not found in traditional low-rise buildings, like the variety of blazing factors, ways of fire spreading, and difficulty of evacuation. Hence, the protection features of conventional fire methods are not sufficient in designing towers. The paper, at first, summarizes the characteristics of high-rise buildings and fires, the unique features of Tall Buildings and the special life safety requirements for the high-rise buildings. Consequently, the topic of fire and life safety codes implementation during the design and construction phases should be brought to the forefront into the building design process, in order to improve the skills of architectural engineers concerning the integration of safety and fire protection methods.

Then, case studies have been selected from PETRONAS tower Malaysia, MARINA tower Beirut, and BURJ KHALIFA ,UAE; which are designed by various legislations. This shows that there is a direct link between design outcomes and the legislation of buildings.


Architecture, high-rise building, Design Process, Life safety, fire saftey


Architectural Engineering | Architecture | Arts and Humanities | Education | Engineering



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