Architecture is a profession that men have dominated for centuries, while the transmission model of education has been the common basis for architectural education. In Egypt, architectural education continues to be masculine despite the increase in the number of female students enrolled in architectural programs. In such a type of education, the studio is the venue where concepts and building competencies are transformed. Therefore, this research paper investigates the impact of gender inequality on architectural education by surveying the educational process in the studio among male and female students at Egyptian universities. By exploring the actual difficulties related to gender that face architectural education in Egypt, the research aims to enhance the quality of the educational process for architecture students in general, and help them to equally qualify for the profession. This in turn should raise awareness for all the participants in the educational process in order to create a better educational environment for architecture students with special regard to gender sensitivity.


Architectural education, gender, studio


Architecture | Arts and Humanities | Education | Engineering



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