English Title



Biohazardous spills, healthcare workers, handling skills, training program, improvement level.


Architecture | Business | Interprofessional Education | Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences | Occupational and Environmental Health Nursing | Occupational Health and Industrial Hygiene


All healthcare workers (HCWs) are exposed to biohazardous material. Biohazardous material may come in the form of spills, posing a risk of infection to (HCWs) who are not trained on how to safely handle them. While international guidelines recommend training HCWs on how to safely handle biohazardous spills in order to improve their skills, there are no studies that tackled this recommendation. The aim of this study is to improve HCWs’ biohazardous spill safe handling skills through training, and to evaluate the association between the HCWs’ improvement level and demographical characteristics. The study was conducted in a Southern Lebanese hospital where a convenience sample of 100 HCWs from different professions was recruited according to a set inclusion criterion. The study followed a quantitative non-experimental post-test design. HCWs were trained by using power point presentation and a video that include the handling ways. Then, each healthcare worker (HCW) demonstrated the learned skills and the level of improvement was measured by a competency checklist. SPSS version 25 was used as a statistical tool. The mean competency score of HCWs post demonstration was 4.41 over 5. The score can be generalized to all HCWs who get the education. Also, a strong correlation between competency checklist score and age, as well as years of experience was prevalent (p

Author ORCID Identifier

Zeina Mhanna - ORCID: 0009-0003-6605-5071

Ahmad Tassi - ORCID: 0000-0002-1827-8292



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