Fine recycled aggregate concrete (fRAC); Physical properties; Chemical properties; Recycled aggregate quality; Fresh properties; Mechanical properties; Durability properties.


Civil and Environmental Engineering | Materials Science and Engineering


The fast increase of construction and demolition (C&D) operations has resulted in the creation of massive amounts of garbage, which must be cleared. Reusing C&D waste is of significant importance for environmental conservation and resource utilization. One such alternative for structural concrete is recycled concrete aggregate obtained from building and demolition debris. In this context, the present study aims to comprehensively review the current state of the art in fine recycled concrete materials (fRCA), including their physical properties, technological advantages, mechanical properties, and durability characteristics. The study establishes a paradigm for evaluating the quality of fRCA, whether created in a lab, acquired via controlled breaking and screening of recovered materials, or collected from field buildings.

Author ORCID Identifier

Abbas Chour https://orcid.org/0009-0002-8153-8779

Jamal Khatib https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4393-6728





To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.