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This study reviews the existing literature in training and development, which considered as essential practices in Human Resource Management (HRM); moreover, they constitute a necessary investment and a significant component of the organizations’ budgets. Training and development help organizations to accomplish competitive advantage, they are a must to go along with innovation and global issues, and most importantly, they work constantly as the organization is performing. This literature review focuses on the current knowledge about the determining factor and the importance of training and development in HR management in specific and in organizations in general. Furthermore, this paper aims to review the literature about existing knowledge and relevant theories about training and development and their relationship with competitive advantages, innovation, and organizations’ performance. It will add to the existing literature since it is a review based on evidence from previous literature reviews and studies related to this topic and suggests further future studies.


Training, development, work settings, competitive advantage, innovation

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