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English Title

KNOWLEDGE OF THE EFFECT OF SYNTHETIC PROTEINS ON THE OVERALL HEALTH IN LEBANESE ADULTS: A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY

Keywords

synthetic proteins, protein shakes, gum attendees

Disciplines

Medical Education | Medicine and Health Sciences | Public Health and Community Nursing

Abstract

The aim of the study was to assess the knowledge of gym attendees on the effects of protein shakes on their health. A descriptive cross-sectional study involving a self-administered questionnaire was undertaken. Data were collected through a self-administered questionnaire in two ways. First method was googled form links which was sent out to acquaintances on social media (WhatsApp, Facebook, Instagram and Twitter) in both English and Arabic language. In addition, questionnaire was printed and distributed to four different gyms in Beirut. The coaches of the gyms took charge of distributing and completing the questionnaire. Reminders were issued every 2 days throughout the data collection period. The mean age of the study participants was 25.58 (SD=6.82) years. The majority were male participants (66.9%). The findings show that participants were not aware about the side effects of protein shakes consumption. Only 61.4% knew about kidney problems, 33.7% knew about its effect on blood pressure, 38% knew about its effect on breast enlargement and only 10% knew about its effect on fertility. As a conclusion, this study provided information about the knowledge base of gym attendees on the use of protein shakes. This information will help in raising and spreading awareness among people about the effect of protein shake on their health. Future studies should address other age groups.

Author ORCID Identifier

Zeina Al Shoufi - https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8214-1274

Alaa Al Bardan - https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2327-9182

Ahmad Chichnieh - https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4904-4691

Rami Assad - https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4675-9576

Hiba Deek - https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0242-4339

English Abstract

The aim of the study was to assess the knowledge of gym attendees on the effects of protein shakes on their health. A descriptive cross-sectional study involving a self-administered questionnaire was undertaken. Data were collected through a self-administered questionnaire in two ways. First method was googled form links which was sent out to acquaintances on social media (WhatsApp, Facebook, Instagram and Twitter) in both English and Arabic language. In addition, questionnaire was printed and distributed to four different gyms in Beirut. The coaches of the gyms took charge of distributing and completing the questionnaire. Reminders were issued every 2 days throughout the data collection period. The mean age of the study participants was 25.58 (SD=6.82) years. The majority were male participants (66.9%). The findings show that participants were not aware about the side effects of protein shakes consumption. Only 61.4% knew about kidney problems, 33.7% knew about its effect on blood pressure, 38% knew about its effect on breast enlargement and only 10% knew about its effect on fertility. As a conclusion, this study provided information about the knowledge base of gym attendees on the use of protein shakes. This information will help in raising and spreading awareness among people about the effect of protein shake on their health. Future studies should address other age groups.

DOI

https://www.doi.org/10.54729/BTHO4637

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