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Abstract

Hip and knee replacement surgeries are complex procedures with many risks and complications post-surgery. Patient education preoperatively has shown to limit some of these complications but nothing is reported on the effect of preoperative education on the length of stay in Lebanon. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the effect of a structured preoperative education to patients undergoing selected orthopedic surgeries. A pilot study for a randomized controlled trials (RCT).The study was conducted at Al Zahraa Hospital and Rafic Hariri University Hospital (RHUH). The study was introduced to potential participants, baseline data was collected and then patients were randomized to the intervention and the usual care groups. The intervention group was given the education by one of the five nursing students that were conducting this study. The education included items on pain management, wound care, physical activity and diet; and took place one day before the surgery. The educational material was unified for all patients to assure consistency. A total of 10 patients were enrolled into this pilot study. Mean age was 68 years and 70% were females. There was no significant difference between the groups in pain reduction or in post-operative complications. The study highlights the need of well-designed methodology of an educational intervention for patients undergoing selected orthopedic surgeries and its effect on the length of stay.

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