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Article Title

THE ADOPTED PROCUREMENT SYSTEMS IN THE CONSTRUCTION PROCESSES OF THE INFORMAL SETTLEMENTS IN BEIRUT

Keywords

Construction Process, Informal Settlement, Procurement Systems, Beirut

Abstract

Compared to other cities, the construction of informal settlements in the city of Beirut is caused by a range of interrelated factors including population growth, ruralurban migration and political intrigues. These settlements follow a reverse development process where people occupy the land, then build on it, install infrastructures, and finally, acquire ownership. The aim of this study is to identify the adopted procurement methods in the construction process of informal settlements in Beirut through the different construction phases of these settlements. The methodology used in this study is based on a qualitative analysis of the informal housing in Beirut as a case study. The analysis focuses on the role and the responsibilities of the main actors and stakeholders in the construction process while relating this process to the construction procurement systems categories: Separated and Cooperative System (Design/Bid/Build), Integrated System (Design/Build), and Management Oriented System. The results of this study help identify the gaps in the processes adopted in the construction of the dwelling units in the informal settlements, which lead to the unorganized development of these settlements impacting the image of the city as one that is permanently ‘under construction’.

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