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Abstract

This study tackles a number of variables that form the core of positive psychology: self-efficacy, optimism, the estimations of physical health, mental health, happiness and satisfaction, in addition to the variable of healthy behavior which is deemed a new-comer in Arab studies. The study, thus, seeks to determine the differences between these variable in the light of sex, as well as the relation between healthy behavior and the variables of the study. It also seeks to identify the factors that can be extracted from the correlation coefficients among the scales used, and finally to identify the variables that may predict healthy behaviors by sex. The sample of the study included 370 male and female Lebanese students at Beirut Arab University. Their ages ranged from 17 to 22 years. Four scales were used: a self-report for the physical health, the mental health, happiness and satisfaction of life, as well as a healthy behavior scale, all developed by Ahmed Abdel Khalek. The results of the study revealed statistically significant differences between the males and the females on the variables: in terms of the healthy behavior (the means of females was higher), the mental health, the happiness (the means of males was higher). There was also a significant correlations between the variable, all in accordance with sex. Using factorial analysis of the correlation coefficients between the scales used, two factors were extracted. Multiple regression analysis was used to determine how far the variables of the study contribute to the interpretation of variance in the dependent variable of the two samples. It was shown that the most important variables predicting healthy behavior concerning the sample of males include optimism, self-efficacy, and physical health. As for the female sample, self-efficacy and physical health were predictors of healthy behavior. It was observed that the two regression models for both males and females coincide in the independent variables: self-efficacy and physical health, which predict and affect healthy behavior.

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