Quality, urban planning, principles, cities, urban metabolism.


Architecture | Business | Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences


Quality of life is a notion that has been discussed by philosophers, social scientists, economists conceded with the question of how society should best allocate resources it has been widely used in a wide range of contexts , including the fields of international development, health care, political science, built environment, education, reaction and leisure time social belonging. The purpose of this paper is to answer the question of how can urban planning contributes to improving individual quality of life, introduce the nation of urban quality of life that refers to the urban planning features that could enhance the individual quality of life, which could be useful for planners and designers. Overviews of cities and their effect on people, presented in handbooks in the area of environment behavior studies, often start by listing the positive and negative traits of cities mainly in relation to density and opportunities on one hand, and crowdedness, pollution and alienation on the other. Individual studies on single aspects of urban form and their impact on cognition, affection and behavior and attitudes are also very plentiful, with several journals dedicated to this theme, and a fast-growing international portfolio of cases and examples. Urban form is the setting where a more complex sharing of responsibilities needs to occur because, as we will show, shaping, controlling and being able to access the urban realm is significant for our well-being. Morphological structures and control relationships that are capable of better integrating social processes, material form and spatial organization can be found in the literature and require further investigation and development in the context of contemporary urban design and sustainable living challenges. Cities are many things to everyone; for the purpose of this chapter, we see them as first and foremost sources of behavioral and experiential opportunities, which other environments cannot offer. As such, we look at urban form as shaped by urban design at three main scales: metropolitan, neighborhood and pedestrian. We then search for studies that relate domains of QoL to each of these scales, including a focus on objective and subjective indicators.



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