Borderline, Green Networking, Reviving, Culture, Social Integration, Public Area.


Architecture | Urban Studies and Planning


Borders are an essential part of cities and countries, and they can create both physical and cultural divides. Inner-city borders can lead to social isolation and inequality, which can contribute to tensions and conflicts. Borders around the world have become a symbol of conflict, racism, fear, inequity, and division. One single line could divide between opportunity and hope and poverty and oblivion. Accordingly, some borders create social isolation between various cultures in cities that increase socio-political problems and remove urban connectivity. Green networking involves using urban green spaces, such as parks and gardens, to connect different areas of a city and facilitate movement and interaction between people. This research aims to examine the impact of inner-city borders on social integration between different cultural groups by using green networking to break down barriers and promote social interaction. The study will contribute to a better understanding of how urban green spaces can promote social integration and reduce inequality in inner cities. The study will use scientific methodology, including site visits, experimental examinations, and analytical research, to provide a comprehensive understanding of the borderline area of research.

Author ORCID Identifier

Karim Al-Khatib - https://orcid.org/0009-0005-2841-3709

Maged Youssef - https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9923-6659

Mona M. Salem - https://orcid.org/0009-0001-1445-8069





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