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Keywords

Disaster Life Cycle, Response System, Flexible Structures, Mobile Operative Design, Disaster Relief, Pre-Fabrication, Modular Units

Disciplines

Architecture | Environmental Design | Other Architecture

Abstract

Disasters have been a common occurrence since the beginning of time, yet they are increasing phenomenally worldwide and especially in developing countries. Factors that led to the cause of destructive disasters are often complex and interrelated; researchers detect human influence and rapid development is intensifying the damage and scale of disaster-prone areas through urban sprawl and human interference. Observing the disaster life cycle, it is made up of four stages: preparedness stage, resilience and mitigation stage, response and relief stage, and finally reconstruction and recovery stage. The main focus usually lies in the response and relief stage which comes immediately after the disaster has struck. The aim of this research is to extend the architectural intervention across all stages of the disaster; using a dynamic disaster response system made up of three components, primarily a disaster educational centre that can reliably respond to any disaster occurrence using a network of prebuilt structures spread across the perimeters of disaster-prone areas. The structures help with strategic preparedness, promote resilience, mitigating damage and spread, provide recovery and relief, and aid in eventual reforestations and reconstructions. As well as, designed to host an adaptable module of prefabricated units that can be easily mobilized and transported to plug-in to the host structures; the hosting structures will also provide a mechanical response across all stages of the disaster life cycle with a minimum disruptive footprint. Utilizing primarily the inductive method, this research will analyse the effectiveness of this unconventional architectural design approach in how it functions both reactively and strategically across all stages of any disaster life cycle. The paper also relies on analytical and deductive methods to help portray the effectiveness of the unconventional architectural design approach in how it functions both reactively and strategically across all stages of any disaster life cycle.

Author ORCID Identifier

Khaled Zahra - https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1884-5178

Ayman Afify - https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7371-3472

Hiba Mohsen - https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0682-0785

Maged Youssef - https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9923-6659

DOI

https://www.doi.org/10.54729/LSOY2015

ISSN

2664-9446

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